Resuscitation Council Asia

Logo Resuscitation Council of Asia


Great strides have been taken in Asia to make resuscitation available to all.

Hong Kong





Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the promotion of resuscitation training mainly relies on NGOs, including Hong Kong Red Cross and Hong Kong St John Ambulance. The media for promotion includes advertisements in newspapers, buses and MTR, Facebook, etc. There is no requirement to put resuscitation training in the curriculum in school. However, for some jobs, e.g. life guard, security staff, CPR is mandatory knowledge.

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The Japan Resuscitation Council is organising nationwide activities on October 16th. Read the full programme here!

The Japan Resuscitation Council's understanding for the action of ILCOR World Restart a Heart (WRAH) is that, besides the annual ceremony on October 16th, it probably takes a chance to gather different situations of resuscitation including EIT from each member in each council of ILCOR. So, it is likely a good opportunity not only for JRC but also RCA to know the current status of resuscitation activities in their own country. which should be a challenge to integrate such activities in each country. Therefore, on making a plan achieving such an object, they need to collaborate with many people in the related societies and groups, of course, with each government including WHO.

Thus, right now they need to make a contact with experts in this field to collect such information. In Japan, there have been several promotions regarding CPR field, such as a recent development of the national foundation of managing automated electrical defibrillators (AEDs); a preparation of CPR compulsory program for the junior-high and high school students, now under consideration even from the elementary school; furthermore, as you know, for the 2020 Olympics as well as Paralympics, they elaborately prepare to cope with them.

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Korea has formed the National CPR Movement Headquarters in 2013, which is joined by seven organizations, including the Korean Association of CPR (KACPR), that provide CPR education to the people. The National CPR Movement Headquarters takes a major role in promoting the public awareness to CPR. Every September in Korea is designated as the CPR month. Various events include the mass CPR education, the Ffash mob, symposium and media campaigns. In Korea, CPR education is compulsory from elementary school. With a full understanding, KACPR and the National CPR Movement Headquarters of Korea will support ILCOR WRAH.

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The Singapore Resuscitation and First Aid Council (SRFAC) is celebrating World Restart A Heart Day (WRAH) as follows:

  • Singapore’s Senior Minister of State for Health and Transport, Dr Lam Pin Min, will be gracing an event (World Heart Day) by Singapore Heart Foundation (SHF) on 29 September 2018. During his opening speech, Dr Lam will also be talking about WRAH, its objectives and the sponsors behind WRAH i.e. ILCOR, RCA and all the regional resuscitation councils. SHF is a non-profit charitable organization committed to promoting heart health in Singapore, and they are also a member of the Executive Committee in SRFAC. A poster will also be displayed at the event for greater public awareness.
  • Working with our Ministry of Education (MOE), we will be highlighting the efforts done to promote CPR and AED training and knowledge to children (11 to 12 years old) and teenagers (13 to 14 years old) in our schools. The training is done by the Department of Physical Education and the DARE (Dispatcher Assisted First Responder)team. DARE is the brainchild of Unit for Prehospital Emergency Care (UPEC) of Ministry of Health(MOH) and the forerunner in promoting dispatcher assisted CPR in Singapore.
  • In Singapore, all able-bodied men reaching the age of 18 years old are required to serve in the army. The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF)Medical Training Institute (SMTI) is responsible for training an average of 20,000 military personnel a year in CPR and AED since year 2010.
  • An editorial will be drafted and posted on the SRFAC and SAF website. The article’s primary aim is to celebrate WRAH and a summary of pointers 1 to 3 to showcase what has been done in Singapore. The article is targeted to be released by the end of September.

This a short update on the strategies/ initiatives to improve survival of the OHCA by our community.

2011 – 2015 Singapore Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) Registry Report

The registry is a prospective multinational OHCA registry established in 2010. The registry data is extracted from dispatch records, ambulance forms, emergency department records, and in-hospital medical records.

Data collected from 2011 - 2015




Overall survival rates improved over the years



Age-standardised survival rates significantly increased



Utstein, alson known as bystander witnessed VF cardiac arrest, doubled



Bystander CPR rates increased



Bystander AED rates increased



No. of survivor increased



“DARE to Save a Life” Programme

Also known as Dispatcher Assisted First Responder (DARE), this programme started on April 2014 and target mainly on rescuers aged 11 years and above. A total of 95 schools have participated in this programme and the number is increasing. Till date, a total of 74,810 people from primary and secondary schools, various companies and government statutory boards have been trained under this programme. Their slogan is stay on the line, push hard and fast, and use the AED.

SAF Medical Training Institute

In Singapore, all able-bodied men reaching the age of 18 years old are required to serve under National Service with Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). SAF Medical Training Institute is responsible for training about 20,000 military personnel a year in CPR and AED since 2010 and continues to do so till today.

myResponder Mobile Application

myResponder is an application by Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) to promote national rescue efforts by alerting members of the public to nearby cardiac arrest cases, and thereby save lives and increase the survival rate for OHCA in the first few critical minutes. myResponder also allow members of the public to provide onsite information (via submission of photos and videos) for SCDF to gain an understanding of the situation. Using the “Call 995” button in the app, users can send their geolocation to SCDF’s Operations Centre and enable SCDF to dispatch emergency resources to the scene sooner. The app will notify members of the public of cardiac arrest cases within 400m of their location. When the alert is accepted, the person rendering assistance will proceed to said location and perform CPR on the casualty. Alternatively, responders can use the app to locate AEDs nearby and apply it to the casualty. For more information, please visit

AED On Wheels – a pilot programme to equip taxis with AEDs

A phone app was designed to alert taxi drivers to cardiac arrest cases within 1.5km. Upon receiving the alert and accepting it, taxi drivers reaching the scene can provide their equipped AED to the casualty. In the event if paramedics arrive at the scene first, taxis would be notified to stand down. As a post-incident measure, taxi drivers involved are required to document the incident and return the AED for checkup and maintenance. There are 155 taxi drivers whose vehicles are equipped with AEDs and AED decals are displayed on the taxis’ windows and interior

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Taiwan has developed mandatory courses of BLS in primary and secondary high schools and even colleges and universities. These courses have been developed by the National Resuscitation Council of Taiwan (NRCT) in collaboration with Ministry of Education for more than 17 years. The courses include CPR BLS provider, BLS instructors, BTLS and AED use.

The teaching material has also been released in Mandarin both as written books or by on-line contents. So far, they have certificated over 3 million providers of various levels. This amounts to nearly 15% of the population in Taiwan.

In the future, the goal is to teach CPR to 3% of the population every year. With such a program, the percentage of laypeople who can perform CPR has increased from less than 5% to more than 40%. The use of public access AED has also increased from less than 1% to nearly 10%. The survival rates to hospital discharge have increased from less than 6% to 13%, and even reached 30% for those with shockable VF/pVT. Layperson CPR and AED use have already proven the very priority of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest chain of survival.

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